Goa is a paradise in true sense. It is a mix of pristine beaches, magnificent forests and some of the most exotic animals that find their home in the state's green pastures. The Goan province is divided into 3 geographical zones – The Mountainous Region formed by Sahyadri Ranges in the east, Plateau Region in the center and low-lying river basins and coastal plains.
The Sahyadris flank the southeastern perimeter of Goa, spanning across an area of 600 Square Meters with an average elevation of 800 Meters above sea level. The area around these mountain ranges is home to several rivers making this patch of land a tropical haven for vibrant species of flora and fauna. Some of the oldest rocks in the Indian subcontinent are found in Goa between Molem and Anmod on Goa's border with Karnataka.
As Goa is partly coastal and partly hilly it exhibits a variety in its biodiversity. Over 56% of Goa is engulfed by forest that bear tropical fruits like coconuts, mangoes, cashews and jackfruits. Perched atop the towering trees are several species of migratory birds that travel from far and wide to dwell in this tropical paradise. Crabs lobsters, shrimps, jellyfish, oysters and catfish are some species of aquatic life found in the seas surrounding the Goan coastline. There are various wildlife sanctuaries such as Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, Molem Wildlife Sanctuary, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary, Madei Wildlife Sanctuary, Netravali Wildlife Sanctuary and Mahaveer Wildlife Sanctuary, but the most visited is the Salim Ali Wildlife Sanctuary located on Chorao Island, known for its bird species.One may find boars, foxes, tropical snakes, leopards, bears and other such curious animal species that roam freely in the sanctuaries.